According to preliminary figures, Group EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization) came in at €1.10 billion (2015: €1.05 billion). It was 5 percent above the prior-year level despite substantially lower special income from advance payments retained and damages received from solar-sector customers. These special-income items amounted to some €20 million (2015: €138 million). Adjusted for this effect, EBITDA increased by 19 percent in the reporting year. The Group’s EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) came in at €365 million in 2016 (2015: €473 million). This year-over-year decline of 23 percent reflects the substantial increase in depreciation. In 2016, depreciation amounted to some €735 million (2015: €575 million). WACKER posted preliminary net income of some €190 million (2015: €242 million).
“Our chemical business performed well in the fourth quarter, and we also saw good volume growth in semiconductor wafers and poly-silicon,” said Group CEO Rudolf Staudigl on Wednesday in Munich. “Thanks to good customer demand, sales were substantially higher in all segments than a year ago. On balance, we generated the strongest final-quarter sales to date.”
Investments, Net Cash Flow and Net Financial Debt
WACKER’s capital expenditures amounted to €430 million in 2016 (2015: €834 million) according to preliminary figures – down by almost one-half versus last year, as expected. Capital spending focused on expanding capacities for downstream silicone products, on modernizing Siltronic’s crystal-pulling facilities and on completing the polysilicon plant in Charleston, Tennessee (USA). WACKER finished commissioning the production facilities there on schedule in the third quarter of 2016.
The Group’s net cash flow was clearly positive, as forecast, and amounted to around €400 million (2015: €23 million). This strong rise was mainly due to the substantial decline in capital expenditures. Net financial debt was slightly below the year-earlier level, as expected. It amounted to around €990 million at December 31, 2016 (Dec. 31, 2015: €1.07 billion).
Business Performance in Q4 2016
WACKER closed the fourth quarter of 2016 with substantial gains in sales and EBITDA. Group sales from October through December 2016 totaled roughly €1.35 billion (Q4 2015: €1.23 billion), up 10 per-cent. EBITDA reached €270 million in Q4 2016 (Q4 2015: € 188 mil-lion). That was 44 percent more than the year-earlier figure.
WACKER’s business in the final quarter was mainly spurred by lively customer demand. Sales were above the comparative Q4 2015 figures at every division.
WACKER’s three chemical divisions substantially increased their total sales between October and December 2016. This sales growth stemmed primarily from higher volumes for silicones. Final-quarter sales at WACKER SILICONES, came in at €490 million (Q4 2015: € 460 million), some 7 percent above the prior-year figure. WACKER POLYMERS posted total sales of €275 million in Q4 2016 (Q4 2015: €273 million), up slightly by about 1 percent. Sales at WACKER BIOSOLUTIONS climbed 11 percent to €50 million (Q4 2015: €45 million).
EBITDA at the chemical divisions grew even more strongly than sales. The EBITDA increase was achieved through higher sales combined with low cost levels, stemming partly from high plant utilization levels, especially for silicones. In addition, ongoing efficiency programs had a positive impact on EBITDA at the chemical divisions. WACKER SILICONES posted EBITDA of €80 million in the final quarter of 2016 (Q4 2015: €50 million), a rise of 60 percent. WACKER POLYMERS lifted its EBITDA by 10 percent to €45 million (Q4 2015: €41 million). WACKER BIOSOLUTIONS reported EBITDA of about €7 million in Q4 2016 (Q4 2015: €7 million).
From October through December 2016, WACKER POLYSILICON achieved total sales of €295 million (Q4 2015: €242 million). This rise of 22 percent was due to volume growth. The division’s EBITDA grew by 20 percent versus a year earlier. It reached €85 million in Q4 2016 (Q4 2015: €71 million), and included special-income items of around €13 million (Q4 2015: €28 million).
Siltronic generated total sales of €246 million between October and December 2016 (Q4 2015: €215 million). This rise of 14 percent was attributable above all to higher volumes. Favorable exchange-rate effects also contributed to sales growth. Siltronic more than doubled its EBITDA to €50 million in Q4 2016 (Q4 2015: €23 million). In addi-tion to higher sales, good cost trends and a year-over-year reduction in currency hedging losses had a positive effect on fourth-quarter EBITDA.